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Bullying  - Beyond the Schoolyard
 

define cyberbullying

Preface

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Chapter 1. Bullying: Past, Present, and Future—The New Adolescent Aggression

Amanda’s Story

Traditional (Schoolyard) Bullying

The Definitional Debate: What Exactly Is Bullying?

Prevalence of Traditional Bullying

Emotional and Psychological Consequences of Bullying

Academic and Behavioral Consequences of Bullying

What Exactly Is Cyberbullying?

Accidental Cyberbullying

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 2. Teens Online Today: Where and Why

Our Smartphone Society

Technology Becomes More Social

Where Are Teens Online Today?

Facebook

Twitter

Instagram

Snapchat

Vine

Ask.fm

Yik Yak, Secret, and Whisper

Other Messaging Apps

Gaming Networks

It’s Not All Bad

Personal Benefits

Educational Benefits

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 3. The Nature and Forms of Cyberbullying

The Nature of Cyberbullying

Anonymity and Pseudonymity

Disinhibition

Deindividuation

Lack of Supervision

Virality

Limitless Victimization Risk

Forms of Cyberbullying

Rumor Spreading

Flaming

Posting of Pictures and Videos

Captions, Commenting, and Messaging

Information Spreading

Impersonation

Tagging and Untagging

Cyberstalking

Physical Threats

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 4. What Do We Know About Cyberbullying?

Our Cyberbullying Research

Prevalence of Cyberbullying

Our Studies

Other Published Research

Trends

Gender Differences in Cyberbullying

Racial Differences in Cyberbullying

Age Differences in Cyberbullying

Victim/Offender Relationship in Cyberbullying

The Link Between Traditional Bullying and Cyberbullying

Responses of Cyberbullying Victims

Emotional and Behavioral Consequences and Correlates of Cyberbullying

Emotional Consequences

Behavioral Consequences

Cyberbullicide

Why Do Youth Engage in Cyberbullying?

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 5. Legal Issues: Protecting Your Students, Your School, and Yourself

Important Judicial Rulings and Legislation Applicable to Schools

Harassment, Discrimination, and Civil Rights

Restricting and Disciplining On-Campus Student Behavior and Speech

Educators’ Ability to Restrict and Discipline Off-Campus Student Behavior and Speech

Electronic Harassment and Schools

School Authority Is Not Universal

School Discipline Is Allowed Under Certain Circumstances

The Difficulty in Determining What You Should Do

You Don’t Need to Wait Until the Horse Has Left the Barn Before Closing the Door

So . . . When Can Educators Intervene?

State Bullying Laws

School District Policy

Definition of Relevant Terms

Graduated Consequences and Remedial Actions

Procedures for Reporting Cyberbullying

Procedures for Investigating Cyberbullying

Substantial Disruption

Procedures for Preventing Cyberbullying

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 6. Preventing Cyberbullying

The Educator’s Role in Preventing Cyberbullying

Assessment

Educate Students and Staff

Convey and Reinforce Clear Expectations Regarding the Use of Digital Devices

Utilize the Expertise of Students Through Peer Mentoring

Maintain a Safe and Respectful School Climate

Install Monitoring and Filtering Software

Implement and Evaluate Formal Anti-Bullying Programming

Be a Trustee

Educate Parents

The Parent’s Role in Preventing Cyberbullying

Communication Is Key

Go Online

The Earlier the Better

Monitor Their Activities

Use Discretion When Spying

The Student’s Role in Preventing Cyberbullying

Protecting Personal Information

Password Protection

Warning Signs: What to Look For

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Chapter 7. Responding to Cyberbullying

Just Turn It Off!

School’s Response to Cyberbullying

Be Creative in Your Response

Be Sensitive to the Concerns of Those Who Are Bullied

Create an Anonymous Reporting System

Aggravating Circumstances

Informing Service Providers

Your Response Must Be Effective to Matter

Recommendations for Parents

Talking to the Parent of the Bully

Working With Parents of Children Who Bully

Empowering Teens to Tackle Cyberbullying

Bystanders: Encouraging Teens to Step Up for Others

Civil Remedies

Defamation

Invasion of Privacy

Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress

Negligence

Recommendations for Working With Law Enforcement

Different Roles and Responsibilities

When Cyberbullying Becomes a Crime

Summary

Questions for Reflection

Notes

Concluding Thoughts

Resources

Resource A. Cyberbullying Scenarios for Discussion

Resource B. Technology Use Contract

Resource C. Cyberbullying and Online Aggression Survey Instrument (2014 version)

Resource D. Cyberbullying Incident Tracking Form

Resource E. Cyberbullying Report Card for Schools

Resource F. Cyberbullying Trustee Designation

Resource G. Supplemental Staff Development Questions

Index



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© 2015 Sameer Hinduja and Justin W. Patchin